Inequality hurts everyone apart from the super-rich
Ideas, as well as interests, matter in politics. They shape the debate and determine plausible policy prescriptions. From the 1970s onwards, the intellectual and political current has run strongly against equality. The Reagan-Thatcher consensus on low taxes, and their suspicion of redistribution, has been remarkably powerful. The Blair-Brown government had a lower top rate of income tax for all its 13 years than Thatcher did for nine. Greater inequality has often been seen as a price worth paying for economic gains.
The new changes in the Law on Residence
The National Assembly on June 20, 2013 adopted the Law amending and supplementing a number of articles of the Law on Residence, No. 36/2013/QH13, which notably provides for permanent registration in a central-affiliated city.
THE LEGISLATIVE PROCESS IN CHINA
According to the Legislation Law of the People’s Republic of China which adopted by the 3rd Session of the Ninth National People’s Congress on March 15, 2000, the law-making process of the National People’s Congress and of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress consists of preparation steps, policy proposal, review, voting, passage and publication of the enacted laws.
Women will benefit from property agreement before marriage
There have so many Hollywood stars signed the marriage contract before their wedding ceremony. This contract usually refers to various issues, but mainly to protect the huge fortune that "stars" have before getting married. The amendment of Law on Marriage and Family in 2000 plans to propose additional rules spouses have property rights agreement before marriage to protect private property and individual reduce the divorce dispute.
Institutional improvement and legal reform in Vietnam
In the process of transition from the centrally-planning economy to the market economy, the economic reform in Vietnam has gained significant achievements. The annual average growth of GDP was approximately 7%. The total amount of mobilized investment for the country’s development purposes has increased by 18.2% per year, of which domestic investment accounted for 67.2%, and registered foreign direct investment (FDI) was 7 times higher than the figure in the previous 5 years combined. The country’s GDP in 2010 has doubled the GDP in 2005; GDP per capita is about USD 1,200. Despite of the recent economic recession in the region and in the world (especially economic and financial crisis in 2008 and public debt crisis in 2011), the national economy of Vietnam has developed stably and achieved important projected purposes.
Talking on the birth registration signed by both parents
Under the guidance in Circular No. 05/2012/TT-BTP of Ministry of Justice, from the date of July 10, 2012, on the birth registration declaration signed by the parents. Implement this provision in real life, people and officials of Justice - Civil Status in root also met some hard case.
Experts comment on Draft Land Law
Mechanism of transfer of land from agricultural to non-agricultural land is the problem "hot", it contains the risk of corruption and raises lawsuit. To solve this problem, an expert said that the draft Land Law should define principles for determining the land compensation based on the consensus of the majority of citizens in the community land clearance, as well as the need to promote the role of appraisal organizations.
The amended Civil Code of Vietnam needs to limit inequality between the secured creditors
In the process of amendment and supplement of the 2005 Civil Code of Vietnam, that is one of the important issues, there are many different opinions about a legal mechanism between secured creditor disposes of the goods in legal right to ensure secured creditors with unsecured and non-guaranteed creditors estimated. In the research process, amending the 2005 Civil Code of Vietnam, we believe that the need to continue to carefully consider the following issues:
Discusses the philosophy proceedings in the Common Law system
In modern world exists two major procedural system to protect the legitimate rights and interests of organizations and individuals at the trial is proceeding inquisitorial system - mainly exist in civil law systems and adversary system - mainly exist in the Common Law system. The phrase "adversary system" is much literature in Vietnam has "litigation system" or "the procedure of litigation." However, this article will use the term "systematic procedure" to reflect more deeply and more clearly the nature of this system from the perspective of the philosophy of the proceedings.
The Cruel Paradox of Self-Publishing
Digital and print-on-demand technology has made self-publishing much easier. But for every self-published work that gains traction, the overwhelming majority of books don't.
Why they needs the Trans-Pacific Partnership
As the Doha Round of global trade talks nears its 12th year with no end in sight, the negotiations have all but failed. Frustrated with Doha’s stagnation and eager to expand trade and secure alliances, the United States has signed a series of bilateral free-trade agreements (FTAs), culminating in last year’s pacts with Colombia, Panama, and South Korea. These deals have been generally favorable to the United States; the agreement with South Korea is expected to increase trade between the two countries by billions of dollars and create tens of thousands of jobs for each.
Legal Culture and Judicial Reform
While reformers have often turned to foreign models when thinking about how to improve the operation of a legal system, it is widely acknowledged that simply grafting borrowed laws or legal institutions into a new context frequently does not have the desired effects. Thus, there is an increasing sense that reform projects must be more sensitive to local context. One aspect of local context that is frequently cited as important by scholars and practitioners is the “legal culture” of various countries.
Legal culture is often considered as a given feature of the local environment to which proposed legal reform projects must adapt; many argue that legal and judicial reform programs must be tailored to fit local legal culture or they will fail. Other times, the prevailing legal culture itself may be the object of reform, rather than merely a constraint. Thus, understanding the arguments related to the concept of legal culture will become increasingly important for aspiring legal reformers. This topic brief will address the importance of legal culture for legal reform and development work, focusing on the difficult problems of defining, measuring, and making causal arguments with “legal culture”.
The Malthusian trap, named after the 19th-century political economist Thomas Malthus, is the idea that population can or will outgrow the means to feed itself. The result would be widespread famine. (Malthus is one of the reasons economics is called “the dismal science.”) Malthus observed that plants and animals produced significantly more offspring than could survive. He argued that the potential existed for population to increase exponentially, while resources were finite, limiting the ability of society to increase food production.
Mankind soon learn to make interested uses of every right and power which they possess, or may assume. The public money and public liberty...will soon be discovered to be sources of wealth and dominion to those who hold them; distinguished, too, by this tempting circumstance, that they are the instrument, as well as the object of acquisition. With money we will get men, said Caesar, and with men we will get money. Nor should our assembly be deluded by the integrity of their own purposes, and conclude that these unlimited powers will never be abused, because themselves are not disposed to abuse them. They should look forward to a time, and that not a distant one, when a corruption in this, as in the country from which we derive our origin, will have seized the heads of government, and be spread by them through the body of the people; when they will purchase the voices of the people, and make them pay the price.
Thomas Jefferson, Notes on Virginia, 1784
Origins and impact of the French Civil Code
By Catherine DELPLANQUE, researcher in legal history
Translated in to English by Edith Horak
The French Civil Code, which has just celebrated its two hundred years, holds a special place in the French legal system. To enhance our understanding of the background and the evolution of the Civil Code, we will present here the legal, political and theoretical influences, which played an active role in its promulgation on 21 March1804.The Civil Code, which is inextricably associated with Bonaparte remains a strong legal, sociological but also cultural landmark for the French nation. The Civil Code has been a truly modern instrument in that it has successfully been applied over 200 years despite the social transformations which successively shook the French landscape. Its lasting effects cannot be ignored and we will try to outline them here.
The Natural Law Tradition in Ethics
‘Natural law theory’ is a label that has been applied to theories of ethics, theories of politics, theories of civil law, and theories of religious morality. We will be concerned only with natural law theories of ethics: while such views arguably have some interesting implications for law, politics, and religious morality, these implications will not be our focus here
Law to clarify State's price control powers
The National Assembly last month began debating the draft Law on Pricing. The law aims to address limitations in the 2002 Ordinance on Pricing and create a comprehensive legal framework for price administration in the context of a socialist-oriented market economy, according to the drafting agency, the Ministry of Industry and Trade's Price Administration Department.